Malacca is the capital of the state of Malacca, on the west coast of peninsular Malaysia. Earned a World Heritage Site designation in July 2008, makes Malacca a place that needs to be visited. One can definitely enjoy a unique experience with its rich historical background.
Baba Nyonya Heritage Museum and the Malacca Sultanate Palace Museum is one of the two most important museums in Malacca.
Until today, most of the traditions originating with th Portuguese occupation are still practised such as “Intrudu” from Portuguese word “Entrudo” which means a water festival that marks the beginning of Lent, the Catholic fasting period. Ikan Bakar (roasted fish) restaurants in Umbai, Serkam and Alai, dishes like Devil’s Curry and Portuguese egg tarts were contributed to the town’s cuisine.
There are also a number of Sikhs residing in Malacca and the gurdwara (Sikh temple) is situated in Jalan Temenggong. Anyone can visit this Sikh temple and the visitors are advised to follow rules and common practices within the premises. People will be served with typical vegetarian Punjabi cuisine.
Popular historical attractions in Melaka
- Fort A Famosa – Built by the Portuguese in 1511 which suffered severe structural damage during the Dutch invasion.
- St. John’s Fort – Remodelled by the Dutch in the third quarter of the 18th century.
- St. Peter’s Church – Constructed in 1710 under the Dutch administration, this church is the oldest Catholic Church in Malaysia.
- St. Paul’s Church – Built by the Portuguese captain, Duarte Coelho, this church was named “Our Lady of The Hill”, but was later revolved into a burial ground by the Dutch for their noble dead, and renamed “St. Paul’s Church”. Presently the church is part of the Malaccan Museums Complex.
- Christ Church – Constructed in 1753, the structure reflects original Dutch architecture. The building houses hand-crafted church benches, jointless ceiling skylights, a copper replica of the Bible, a headstone written in the Armenian language, and a replica of “The Last Supper”.
- Francis Xavier Church – This Gothic church was built to honour St. Francis Xavier who is also known as the “Apostle of the East”.
- Stadthuys – Built in 1650 as the residence of the Dutch Governor and his deputy, the structure reflects Dutch architecture.
- Cheng Hoon Teng Temple – Located along Jalan Tokong in the core zone of the Malacca Unesco World Heritage Site.
- Jonker Street (Jalan Hang Jebat) – Known for its antique goods.
- Portuguese Square – Located within the Portuguese Settlement, the square is the culmination of Portuguese culture in its full splendour and colours.
- Sri Poyyatha Vinayagar Moorthi Temple – The oldest Hindu Temple in Malaysia that was built in 1781.
- Tranquerah Mosque The oldest mosque in Malacca.
- Kampung Kling Mosque – Kampung Kling Mosque is one of the oldest mosques in Malaysia.
Travel by bus
The main express bus terminal in Malacca are Melaka Sentral Express Bus Terminal and Alor Gajah Express Bus Terminal.
Nice, Transnasional, Sri Maju, S&S International, Newsia are few of the major coach operators that provide express bus services to Malacca.
Hop in a bus
Here are a few options to make things easier:
- Malacca Town Bus No 17: Melaka Sentral Terminal to the historic core, Mahkota Parade, Melaka Raya and the Portuguese Settlement. The fare from Melaka Sentral to Makhota Parade is RM1. The last bus from Melaka Sentral leaves at 8:30PM, after which you would have to take a taxi which costs 20 RM to Mahkota Parade. Bus 8 goes from Melaka Sentral to Town Square for RM1.
- Malacca Town Bus No 18: Melaka Sentral Terminal to Tengkera and to Pokok Mangga
- Malacca Town Bus No 19: Melaka Sentral Terminal to Ayer Keroh (Melaka Zoo and Taman Asean/Malaysia). The fare from Melaka Sentral to Ayer Keroh (Melaka Zoo and Taman Asean/Malaysia) is around RM 3
- Malacca Town Bus No. 50: Melaka Sentral Terminal to the Mahkota Parade shopping centre and nearby seafood restaurants
- Kenderaan Aziz: Buses from Melaka Sentral to Muar via Padang Temu also go past the historic core, Mahkota Parade and Melaka Raya